You can also pay estimated taxes online or by phone via the IRS Payments Gateway. We’ll break down how each type of small business files their taxes. That way, you can quickly jump straight to the information you need. If there are any discrepancies between your bank statements and your bookkeeping records, it’s best to catch these as soon as possible.

How To File Federal Income Taxes For Small Businesses

Blake recommends hiring a company to assist with payroll – but be sure that the company is reputable. To save money, some business owners will hire a lesser-known payroll service, only to find out later the service wasn’t remitting payroll taxes for the company. If that happens, Blake says, the business owners are on the hook for the payroll taxes. The IRS typically checks every quarter to see if payroll taxes have been paid.

How much are small business taxes?

Practical and real-world advice on how to run your business — from managing employees to keeping the books. For corporations, payments must be filed through the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System. You can calculate how much federal payroll tax to withhold using IRS Publication 15. This means it’s important that you always have enough money in the bank to make these payments in April, June, September, and January. When you use a Schedule C, it becomes part of your Form 1040 and therefore, no separate filing deadlines apply.

How To File Federal Income Taxes For Small Businesses

Those tax rates range from 10% to 37%; 43 states impose a state income tax. Form 1120 is similar to Schedule C, as you calculate your business income the same way. However, this form is often more complicated because it requires more details than Schedule C, and you How To File Federal Income Taxes For Small Businesses must file it separately from your personal income tax return. • If you run your business as a sole proprietorship, or as an LLC and you are the sole owner, you can report your business income and expenses on Schedule C along with your personal income tax return.

By business type

Get in the habit of cross referencing transactions in your bank statements with transactions in your company records to ensure everything is accounted for. Reconciling helps you know for sure you’ve recorded every transaction properly. It’s best to do this with your bank statements and your credit card statements, making sure every transaction is accounted for on your books. Get access to a dedicated business tax expert, with unlimited year-round advice, at no extra cost. Full Service Business is perfect for Partnerships, S-Corps, and Multi-Member LLCs.

For example if your work room was 200 sq ft and your apartment was 1,000 sq ft in total, you could deduct 20% of your expenses. Accurate and up-to-date bookkeeping is possibly the most important ingredient for a stress-free tax season.


Consider this your complete guide to filing taxes as a small business. If your business doesn’t have much reporting or bookkeeping, you might be required to use a calendar tax year. If you will be reporting your business earnings on Schedule C, you can search the IRS website for a copy or use TurboTax to generate the form for you after you input your financial information. Resources for taxpayers who file Form 1040 or 1040-SR, Schedules C, E, F or Form 2106, as well as small businesses with assets under $10 million. Sign up for Shopify’s free trial to access all of the tools and services you need to start, run, and grow your business. Try Shopify for free, and explore all the tools and services you need to start, run, and grow your business.

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For a more complete list, visit the IRS’s page on excise taxes. Since you’re your own boss, you’ll need to pay self-employment taxes, which is comprised of Social Security and Medicare taxes. If your business has employees, you might be required to withhold taxes from their paychecks. Federal employment taxes include income, Social Security and Medicare, unemployment, and self-employment taxes. Each category of business tax might have special rules, qualifications, or IRS forms you need to file.

Step 2—Find the right form

We recommend keeping this money in a separate bank account from the one you use in your day-to-day business dealings, as a great way to keep you from dipping into this fund. If you are taxed as an S-Corp or as a partnership, you need to file a Form 1120S or Form 1065. These forms are due by the 15th day of the third month following the close of the tax year, which for most taxpayers is March 15. You cannot send this form to the IRS with your personal income tax return. However, if you use a Form 1120, you calculate your taxable business income in the same way, but the form requires more details that may not always apply to a small business.

Social Security coverage provides you with retirement, disability, survivor, and Medicare benefits. Depending on the state, you might have to file a sales tax return monthly, quarterly, or annually. Salaries and benefits you pay to employees, such as performance bonuses and insurance premiums, can be deducted as well. Don’t stress quite yet, because filing taxes doesn’t need to be complicated.

Form If you are in the business of accepting wagers or conducting a wagering pool or lottery, you may be liable for the federal excise tax on wagering. In the meantime, start building your store with a free 3-day trial of Shopify. Our small business certified tax pros have an average of 12 years of experience and undergo annual Block Advisors training to specialize in small businesses. Entrepreneurs and industry leaders share their best advice on how to take your company to the next level. Our best expert advice on how to grow your business — from attracting new customers to keeping existing customers happy and having the capital to do it. You can deduct all types of ordinary commercial insurance premiums for buildings, machinery, and equipment you require to run your business.

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